Glossary

Awl
pointed tool similar to an ice pick, used to make and hold openings in the weaving.

Base
the bottom of the basket.

Braiding
like plaiting, but using 3 or more strands of similar material to form a long continuous wide braid.

Chase weave
a weave that allows a continuous spiral on an even number of warps using the plaited techniques and twining with two wefts. This called chasing, after the fact that the twining chases the plaited weft around the basket.

Coiling
a simple stitched method of weaving where a thin weaver element is used to stitch spiral circles of a single or multiple strands such as a bunch of grass.

Embrodery
A technique used to decorate twined baskets in which a third, colored weft element is woven around the outer wefts, so that they are not visible on the inside of the basket. The woven embroidered weaver slants in an opposite direction to the rest of the twining and is worked in as the twining is woven.

Plaiting
a woven basket or mat where the wefts and warps are both flat and of similar strength that appears to look like a checkerboard at its plainest.

Rim
top edge of a basket

Spider
also known as a basket Base, used as a training tool to demonstrate the different methods of weaving.

Strand
a weaver with no warp. Several strands can be braided together to make a braid.

Twining
the oldest of all weaving techniques, employing two or more wefts that intertwine each other between warps.

Warp
also known as spokes, or the skeleton of the basket.

Weft
a length of material which interlaces warps. Also used for lashing.

k’áadu
container woven from wide strips of cedar bark, fish basket

Gáal
lid (of basket)

Gáay
inner bark or cambium of a good-sized cedar

lagúus
cedar bark mat

sdláagwaal káadii
basket for storing spoons

sgisgál
cedar rope, cedar withes

sGajúudaal
row of weaving, knitting or crotchet

stlagáa
bracelet

sgahláang
yellow cedar

tlúuwaan
hook wallet made of cedar bark

ts’alaad
a type of large basket

ts’uu
cedar tree

yáalaang
yellow cedar bark cape